Noun recidivist has 2 senses
  1. recidivist, repeater, habitual criminal - someone who is repeatedly arrested for criminal behavior (especially for the same criminal behavior)
    --1 is a kind of criminal, felon, crook, outlaw, malefactor
  2. recidivist, backslider, reversionist - someone who lapses into previous undesirable patterns of behavior
    --2 is a kind of wrongdoer, offender